Updated: May 22
Part 1: Rare Fungal Infections Core Driver of Current Morbidity Rates in India
(Part 2 to be published, Post Covid-19 Vaccines Correlating to Blood Clots, Increasing Morbidity Rats)
Update: Hindu Times now report mucormycosis is epidemic in India going from singe digit cases in a year to thousands
Current Covid-19 infections are attributed through use of testing methods and protocols found through peer review to be unsuitable for diagnosis of Covid-19 infections and new Sars CoV2 variants. Variant theory is based on computer modeling and experts are questioning the science utilized to assert variants as driving Sars CoV-2 infection outbreaks.
There are multiple coinciding factors occurring right now in India that are contributing to deaths. Current outbreaks of mucormycosis and aspergillious , highly lethal fungal infections, occurring in India right now are not adequately explained by the use of steroid use in Covid-19 attributed infections as public health representatives have rationalized. Compromised immunity is a status quo for many severe disease and illnesses, and health officials have offered no explanation for the origin of contamination for multiple outbreaks of the uncommon fungal infections throughout the country. Deaths are being attributed to individuals with diabetes with positive tests for Sars CoV2, as well as other immunocompromised individuals although it is also effecting individuals who have previously expressed no other severe health conditions.
The official narrative coming out of India from many news sources is creating a picture of mass death rates occurring due to attributed Covid-19 infection and Sars CoV2 variants. A review of the evidence indicates there are multiple factors contributing to deaths occurring right now in India that are not originating from Sars CoV2 infections but mold infections occurring secondary to diagnosis of Covid-19 mainly in individuals with other severe co-existing illness. The death rate started to climb after India had successfully navigated the crisis, with morbidity rate only steeply climbing after the mass Covid-19 vaccination began with current death rates beginning to rise in late February, and skyrocketing in April, a period that coincides with reports of multiple outbreaks of highly lethal mucormycosis infections, a disease with a mortality rate of up to 50%.
World Health Organization Graph: (click the photo for originating source)
Two Factors Converge:
Deaths from Myocurmycosis and Aspergillious appear to be the main driving factors of current deaths, with authorities attributing prior Sars CoV2 positive individuals (mostly with diabetic illness (a known risk factor for the disease) to dying of the highly lethal fungal infections with the majority attributed to myocurmycosis. Myocurmycosis infection is not limited to individuals with a Covid-19 attributed infection:
"Maharashtra has reported approximately 1,500 cases of Mucormycosis or ‘black fungus’ in the last 24 hours, said Health Minister Rajesh Tope on Thursday. Ten COVID-19 survivors have lost their lives due to the rare infection while 2,000 others have been affected in the state. Maharashtra Health Minister Rajesh Tope on Tuesday said there could be over 2,000 mucormycosis patients in the state"
Myocurmycosis is a very rare black fungal disease with deaths usually limited to isolated outbreaks. Outbreaks tend to be highly localized, and contrary to usual patterns, India is experiencing regional outbreaks in multiple localities. The disease is not contagious:
"Mucormycosis is a general term for a group of uncommon infections cause by a fungus (fungal infection). Mucormycosis is caused by a group of related molds from the order Mucorales. An “order” is a scientific term for classifying similar organisms. These infections are usually acquired when spores from the molds are breathed in (inhaled) or, less commonly, enter the body through a cut in the skin. Mucormycosis is an aggressive, life-threatening infection that occurs in people whose immune system doesn’t function well (immune-compromised) including people with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, people who have low levels of neutrophils, a type of white blood cell that helps the body fight off infection and heal itself (neutropenia), or people whose immune system is being suppressed by medications (immunosuppression) as part of their treatment for blood cancer (hematological malignancy), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, or solid-organ transplant. The infection is not contagious; it cannot be spread from one person to another. Prompt diagnosis and early treatment are critical. Treatment usually consists of antifungal medications and surgery".
Additionally, there has been on-going research for the utilization of lethal fungus for use in military applications
The regional occurrence of the highly rare fungal infection gives rise to questions about contamination origin. Past outbreaks have been associated with contaminated linens and equipment at hospitals. There has been a noted increase in diagnosis of the illness individuals receiving oxygen therapy with several news outlets stating individuals on oxygen therapy at home or through respiratory ventilation systems at hospitals have been at increased risk for contracting the infection.
"“In the past, only one or two cases used to be detected in a year. Excessive use of steroids and oxygen support due to surge in COVID-19 cases has led to an increase in black fungus cases,” says M.V.R.J. Somayajulu, a general physician and former Superintendent of King George Hospital (KGH)'
. The infection can pass through the environment, contaminated oxygen pipe or from ICU into a patient.
"..And experts confirm that, after connecting the patient with Covid, to the artificial respirator, the chances of infection with this fungal infection increase"
Oxygen therapy is a standard treatment for many illnesses in hospital settings with many individuals entering treatment already immunocompromised. Steroids are a very common prescription used for a wide range of disease used to treat everything asthma and allergies to autoimmune diseases. While these factors explain why individuals would be at increased risk from fungal infections, it does not explain an increase in cases of 1 to 2 in a year to now an estimated 2,000.
Aspergillious is a more common mold contaminant with over 185 species.
"Aspergillus is a member of the phylum Ascomycota. There are over 185 known species, about 20 of which are known to be harmful to humans and other animals. The most infamous species of this genus is Aspergillus flavus, which produces aflatoxin. Aflatoxin is a contaminant of nuts and grain. It is both a toxin and a carcinogen. Aspergillus carbonarius and Aspergillus ochraceus produce the toxin ochratoxin A (OTA), which contaminates grapes and coffee.
A. fumigatus is also an extremely dangerous pathogen, causing aspergillosis. A. niger is less dangerous. Although most of these organisms only cause severe illness in immunocompromised individuals, even otherwise healthy people may become infected; aspergillosis is often fatal. These illnesses are common among people who work in the farming industry, and are considered an occupational hazard. In addition, the diseases they cause, such as invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, are difficult to diagnose. Another ailment, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), is a hypersensitivity disorder. It typically occurs in people with asthma or cystic fibrosis. Other diseases include: chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis, and allergic fungal sinusitis. These pathogens can attack any part of the body, from the sinuses to the lungs to the kidneys. Two Aspergillus species, A. flavus and A. parasiticus, are known to produce toxins only at acidic levels of pH. However, a West African strain of A. flavus actually produces less. In 2001, the Aspergillus Trust charity was formed to raise awarness for these diseases and support patients who are suffering from Aspergillus-related illnesses".
Infections from Aspergillious have occurred in immunocompromised individuals, with-in the United States:
A children's hospital in Seattle has had on-going issues with Aspergillious infections resulting in the deaths of 14 children. There is a current lawsuit against Seattle's Children hospital with the leadership fighting to stop the release of mold records . A superior court has sided with families and upheld the lower court's ruling to release mold records from the hospital.
The lethal fungal infections are occurring at a time when India is facing a correlating and sudden oxygen shortage, even though supplies remain available. The shortage has been attributed to everything from price gouging to delivery chain issues, although no explanation is given as to why transport systems which have been effectively delivering medical supplies throughout the country have ceases adequate functioning.
Additionally, according to a press release from the Press Information Bureau for the government of India states that the country has more stocks of oxygen than at the peak of the first wave:
"PM also took stock of the situation on oxygen availability and supply in the country. It was discussed that the supply of oxygen is now more than 3 times the supply during the peak of first wave. PM was briefed about the operations of oxygen rail and sorties by IAF planes. PM was also informed about the status of procurement of Oxygen concentrators, oxygen cylinders as well as the status of PSA plants being installed across the country".
So, the country actually appears to have an adequate supply of oxygen begging the question why India is not availing itself of available stocks.
The main supplier of oxygen to India is China. India has accused the country of price gouging on the product, and there are concerns around substandard oxygen originating from China with the country. India Today reports:
"Documents and photos show that Chinese companies have not only increased prices but also altered specifications and components used in making oxygen concentrators that are being sent to India. India has also lodged protest over price hike of Covid-19 related critical equipment by Chinese suppliers".
The article goes onto state that the compromised Chinese oxygen could 'severely compromise the safety of people' in India:
"There are major quality issues with new supplies. According to Indian buyers in China, they have rejected many consignments after finding out that the components that were used were cheaper alternatives to what was originally used.
This could severely compromise the safety of people whose lives are already in danger in India, explained one of the Indian buyers, and added that there are no quality checks of the products since the situation is desperate".
"Several states, including worst-hit Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, have complained of a shortage, with some hospitals now refusing to admit people without families offering a signed undertaking - that they will not hold the facility legally responsible for the lack of oxygen".
Mass Emergency Measures Initiated:
India has initiated emergency meetings and directives to respond to the two unprecedented crises:
The PM told the officials to work closely with state governments to start the PSA (Pressure Swing Adsorption) oxygen plants at the earliest. Last year, the central government decided to install 162 PSA oxygen plants across various states. During Tuesday’s meeting, increasing the share of oxygen to the states was also discussed. Senior officers told PM Modi that they are encouraging states to set up PSA oxygen plants.
Short term India has over 40 countries currently donating oxygen while looking to establish oxygen independence through creation of 500 production factories.
Defense minister Rajnath Singh on Friday granted emergency financial powers to the military to strengthen and accelerate its efforts to deal with the crisis posed by the coronavirus disease pandemic even as the Indian Navy dispatched its warships to foreign shores to bring back liquid oxygen filled cryogenic containers.
The military deployment of warships is occurring with simultaneous exercise by NATO for a huge war game exercise:
"The Queen Elizabeth and the Royal Navy’s Carrier Strike Group accompanying it include forty aircraft (fixed-wing and helicopters) and two British guided-missile destroyers and two frigates attached to it. Last month theSunday Times disclosed that Britain will deploy a Type 45 destroyer armed with anti-aircraft missiles and an anti-submarine Type 23 frigate to the Black Sea later this month. It appears that those two ships will be either the Type 45 HMS Defender or HMS Diamond destroyer and the Type 23 frigate HMS Kent or HMS Richmond, which are part of the Queen Elizabeth carrier strike group. The carrier strike group will also include a submarine and be accompanied by a U.S. destroyer and a Dutch frigate.
During the drills so far a U.S. Marine Corps F-35B Joint Strike Fighter Lightning II squadron landed on the HMS Queen Elizabeth deck in what is described as part of “the largest F-35B Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter deployment to date.”
HMS Queen Elizabeth and its carrier strike group will enter the Mediterranean through the Strait of Gibraltar and make its way eastward. Two of the above-mentioned warships will enter the Black Sea before the whole group passes through the Suez Canal to enter the Red Sea and from there the Indian Ocean to the Asia-Pacific region. Its 28-week deployment is to encompass 26,000 nautical miles and include joint exercises with the navies of India, Japan, Singapore and South Korea “as part of the U.K.’s tilt towards the Indo-Pacific region,” in the words of a British official; in all 70 engagements.
After sending a provocative message to Russia it will do the same to China".
This is the largest deployment of war ships and military personnel since the end of the cold war.